The UK has topped a ranking of the 200 best universities in Europe, taking nearly a quarter of places with Oxford, Cambridge and Imperial College London named as the top three.

In fourth place is ETH Zurich, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and University College London, in the scores compiled using the Times Higher Education world university rankings

Overall some 46 UK universities were placed in the rankings which measured them on their teaching environment, research environment, citations, industry income and international outlook.


After the UK Germany is the second most represented nation in the list of the top universities in Europe, with 36 institutions, almost a third of which are in the top 50. The top university in Germany is named as LMU Munich in tenth place.

Italy has 19 universities in the ranking list but the highest position was 49 from the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa while Scandinavian countries performed well, with Sweden and Finland punching above their weight relative to their population size with 11 and six institutions respectively.

Sweden's top university the Karolinska Institute is ranked in ninth place while Finland's University of Helsinki is joint 28th. Other strong performers relative to population size include Denmark with six universities led by the University of Copenhagen at 33, and Ireland with six led by Trinity College Dublin at 78.

The east and south of Europe however generally score poorly in the rankings. Russia has just five institutions in the top 200 and one in the top 100 with the Lomonosov Moscow State University at 79, making it the lowest ranked country relative to its population and GDP.

Meanwhile Spain has only five universities, topped by the Autonomous University of Barcelona at 70 and is the second lowest country when ranked in relation to its GDP.

Overall 22 countries are represented in the top 200 list, which draws upon data from the 800 universities from 70 countries in the overall THE World University Rankings.