Future of Australian Skilled Migration during COVID times (186, 482, 189 and 190)

Go Back   Expat Forum For People Moving Overseas And Living Abroad > Australasia & the Pacific Islands > Australia Expat Forum for Expats Living in Australia

Australia Expat Forum for Expats Living in Australia Have you moved to Australia from another country? Are you thinking about making Australia your new home? Want to meet others like you and discuss immigration, property, sport, socialising, food, cars, insurance, laws, taxes and anything related to Australia?

Like Tree11Likes

Future of Australian Skilled Migration during COVID times (186, 482, 189 and 190)


Reply
 
Subscribe to this Thread Thread Tools
  #1 (permalink)  
Old 8th August 2020, 03:31 PM
Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2020
Location: ACT
Posts: 119
Rep Power: 0
Aussie dreamz is on a distinguished road
82 likes received
8 likes given

Users Flag! Originally from india. Users Flag! Expat in australia.
Default Future of Australian Skilled Migration during COVID times (186, 482, 189 and 190)

I have been closely following Australian skilled migration from the past few months. I requested data in relation to 186 Direct Entry Stream and Temporary Skill Shortage 482 visa grants from the department under FOI. Registered migration agents have been speculating the future of skilled migration and DoHA’s probable shift in priority from general skilled migration pathways (189 SC) towards Employer Sponsored and State Sponsored Streams (482/186/494, 190) to counter the effects of COVID and facilitate post pandemic Australian economic recovery

Please note that I have only shared details of countries and occupations with highest number of visa grants

186 Direct Sponsored Applications (PR) Granted (From Jan 2018 to Jun 2020 – Only Primary Applicants)

Africa

Egypt
General Practitioner(24)

Nigeria
Minister of Religion(15), GP(26)

South Africa
ICT Business Analyst(49), Accountant(50), Sales & Marketing Manager(46)

Asia

Bangladesh
Café or Restaurant Manager(27), University Lecturer(21), Cook (92)

Pakistan
Cook(44), GP(28), Motor Mechanic(18)

Philippines
Motor Mechanic(125), Welder(92) Cook(138)

Singapore
University Lecturer(31)

China
Café or Restaurant Manager(141), Accountant General(239), Marketing Specialist(202), University Lecturer(252)

Hongkong
Café or Restaurant Manager(23), Accountant General(18)

India
Cook(825), Café or Restaurant Manager(298), Software Engineer(303), ICT Business Analyst(245)Developer Programmer(158), Motor Mechanic General(174)

Indonesia
Café or Restaurant Manager(35), Cook(57), Chef(41)

Iran
University Lecturer(44), GP(64)

Japan
Cook(19), Chef(13)

South Korea
Café or Restaurant Manager(65), University Lecturer(34), Wall and Floor Tiler(41), Cook(162), Chef(97)

Malaysia
Retail Pharmacist(34), Accountant(27), University Lecturer(26), Cook(27)

Nepal
Café or Restaurant Manager(83), Cook(475), Chef(155)

Sri Lanka
GP(44), Motor Mechanic(30), Cook(26)

Taiwan
Cook(26), Café or Restaurant Manager(19)

Thailand
Café or restaurant manager(121), Cook(72

Vietnam
Café or Restaurant Manager(50), Accountant(48), Cook(46)

Europe

Netherlands
University Lecturer(48)

UK
Sales & Marketing Manager(229), Café or restaurant manager(193),Recruitment Consultant(690), Marketing Specialist(589), University Lecturer(201)

Switzerland
University lecturer(15)

Austria
University Lecturer(13)

Belgium
University Lecturer(11)

Czech
Café or Restaurant Manager(19)

Finland
University Lecturer(13)

France
Café or Restaurant Manager(89), Marketing Specialist(100), University Lecturer(54

Germany
University Lecturer(96), Marketing Specialist(56)

Greece
University Lecturer(18), Personal Care Assistant(13)

Ireland
Drainer(68), Carpenter(217), Recruitment Consultant(102), Marketing Specialist(85)

Italy
Café or restaurant manager(256), University Lecturer(71) Chef(187), Cook(119)

Spain
University lecturer(31), Marketing Specialist(26)

North America

Canada
University Lecturer(98), Marketing Specialist(45)

USA
University Lecturer(216), Marketing Specialist(96)

South America

Argentina
Software Engineer(18)

Brazil
Café or Restaurant Manager(59), University Lecturer(43), Developer Programmer(53), Software Engineer(44)

Colombia
Café or Restaurant Manager(15), Marketing Specialist(17)

482 Temporary Skill Shortage Granted (From March 2018 to June 2020 – Only Primary Applicants)

Africa

Egypt
GP(44)

South Africa
External Auditor(80), ICT Business Analyst(100)

Asia

Bangladesh
Cook(24), Resident Medical Officer(18)

China
University Lecturer(294), Accountant(95)

India
Developer Programmer(2,276), ICT Business Analyst(1,951), Analyst Programmer(1,336), Software Engineer(2,045), ICT Systems Test Engineer(811)

Iran
GP(83)

Japan
Corporate General Manager(204), Chief Executive or Managing Director(122)

South Korea
Chef(151)

Malaysia
Resident Medical Officer(205), Mechanical Engineering Technician(59)

Myanmar
Resident Medical Officer(94)

Nepal
Cook(210), Chef(78)

Pakistan
GP(40)

Philippines
Diesel Motor Mechanic(317), Motor Mechanic General(365), Welder First Class(244), Cook(259)

Singapore
Resident Medical Officer(73)

Sri Lanka
Resident Medical Office(87),Chef(68)

Taiwan
Chef(29), Cook(20)

Thailand
Cook(55), Café or Restaurant Manager(75)

Vietnam
Software Engineer(41), Chef(40)

North America

Canada
University Lecturer(84), Resident Medical Officer(80)

USA
University Lecturer(177), Management Consultant(204)

Europe

France
Management Consultant(85), Marketing Specialist(84)

Germany
University Lecturer(85), Management Consultant(77)

Ireland
Resident Medical Officer(493), Carpenter(257), Drainer(129)

Italy
Café or Restaurant Manager(143), Chef(217)

Netherlands
Management Consultant(62)

Russia
Software Engineer(46)

Spain
University Lecturer(50)

UK
Resident Medical Officer(857), Recruitment Consultant(582), Management Consultant(458)

South America

Brazil
Computer Network and Systems Engineer(51), Software Engineer(85)

It is very interesting to note that Australian IT businesses invite Indians on temporary skilled visas in huge numbers to fill skill shortages in occupations such as Software Engineers, Developer Programmers and ICT Business Analysts. Resident Medical Officer is another popular occupation where a large proportion of migrants from UK, Ireland and other parts of south-east Asia come to Australia on a TSS 482 Visa. Café or Restaurant Manager, Cook and Chef largely come from different parts of Asia. Finally, University Lecturer nominations attracts scholars mainly from Europe and North America

There are widespread allegations that employers abuse sponsorship visas and undercut wages by hiring overseas labourers especially in hospitality industry and many other sectors. Unfortunately, temporary skilled workers made redundant due to current COVID restrictions are the hardest hit with the fear of visa cancellations

Employer sponsorship comprises of more than 1/3rd allocations in skilled migration program planning (40,000 out of 108,652). Alan Tudge(Acting immigration Minister) has already announced that skilled occupation list will be significantly reduced due to COVID effect. Based on my analysis,

1. STSOL list will be the one that takes the temporary hit and visa applications/nominations for major occupations especially in hospitality and university sectors will be subject to extra scrutiny from the department

2. Skilled independent SC 189 will continue to see low numbers/targeted invitation rounds for quite some time. Low invitation rounds will particularly favour the department to meet their current processing capacity for lodged visa applications.

3. State/territories have also announced changes in their occupation lists which will probably be announced once they receive nomination allocations from the federal government

In times of economic fracture and high unemployment rate, it should come as no surprise if the Australian government temporarily reduces migration program planning at least for this FY (2020-2021) during the October budget announcements

__________________
Civil Engineer

Total: 85P @17/02/20 (189)

Last edited by Aussie dreamz; 8th August 2020 at 03:34 PM.
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #2 (permalink)  
Old 9th August 2020, 07:22 AM
Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2017
Location: sydney
Posts: 133
Rep Power: 0
emios88 is on a distinguished road
17 likes received
1 likes given

Users Flag! Originally from india. Users Flag! Expat in australia.
Default

No future

Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #3 (permalink)  
Old 9th August 2020, 07:41 AM
Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2018
Location: New York
Posts: 154
Rep Power: 0
ankur31 is on a distinguished road
19 likes received
7 likes given

Users Flag! Originally from india. Users Flag! Expat in australia.
Default

@Aussie_dreamz Thanks for sharing this data.

I do see an approach of reducing permanent visas like 189 significantly. I won't be surprised if they drastically decrease the slots and it would be available to only very high pointers, usually 95+.

It could be a possibility that Australia is looking towards a more longer approach to providing PR than what used to be a simple and short skill select program. Instead of providing direct PRs to offshore candidates, a pathway would be in place for people who initially come onshore on temporary visas like Students. I see the usual pathway of an immigrant being like this:
Student Visa -> Post Study TR Visa -> Employer Sponsored Visa (482) -> Employer Sponsored or 95+ points independent PR
The entire process would easily take 6+ years for an average immigrant.
This is very similar to what is being followed in the US:
F-1 Student Visa -> OPT Work Permit -> H1B Visa -> Sponsorship for Green Card.
It usually takes 5+ years to even get in the queue for a green card. Getting the green card eventually is a different story altogether. This is a very stressfull and long period of uncertainities that skilled immigrants have to go through in the US. I have been through it personally and this was one of the reasons I chose Australia and left my high paying job in the US.

I must say if this is what Australian govt is looking forward to, then it might make many potential immigrants rethink their plans. If getting a PR in Aus is gonna become as hard as getting a green card in the US, 99% immigrants would choose the US.
Not everyone would chose Australia for a laidback lifestyle and great weather like I did. Most immigrants want money and the US definitely provides more money.
BenNG likes this.

__________________
189 EOI DOE - 08/05/2020
Occupation - 232111 (Architect)
Points - 90 (Age -30, Education - 15, English - 20, Australian Degree - 5, Regional Degree - 5, Aus Exp - 5, Skilled Spouse - 10 I'm the spouse )
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
Sponsored Links
Advertisement
 
  #4 (permalink)  
Old 9th August 2020, 07:49 AM
Member
 
Join Date: May 2018
Location: Dubai
Posts: 216
Rep Power: 0
kc_muzik is on a distinguished road
23 likes received
38 likes given

Default

Great post mate!

I was hoping the new occupation lists will get posted this month. But no signs of it yet.

I've seen YT links of Mara agents claiming DHA's confirmation on retaining the immigration cap (160k) for 2020-21.

My occupation code is 135112 ICT Project Manager. It's not a very popular one and not more than 40-50 PMs are invited every year (NSW alone). It is on the STSOL.

Currently I've got 90 points but my ACS will expire in Sep and I'm not sure if I should invest in Naati. It's considerable amt of money...what if they do remove this occupation?

If you have any insights on this, would love to hear!

Cheers


Last edited by kc_muzik; 9th August 2020 at 07:51 AM.
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #5 (permalink)  
Old 9th August 2020, 01:27 PM
Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2020
Location: ACT
Posts: 119
Rep Power: 0
Aussie dreamz is on a distinguished road
82 likes received
8 likes given

Users Flag! Originally from india. Users Flag! Expat in australia.
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by ankur31 View Post
@Aussie_dreamz Thanks for sharing this data.

I do see an approach of reducing permanent visas like 189 significantly. I won't be surprised if they drastically decrease the slots and it would be available to only very high pointers, usually 95+.

It could be a possibility that Australia is looking towards a more longer approach to providing PR than what used to be a simple and short skill select program. Instead of providing direct PRs to offshore candidates, a pathway would be in place for people who initially come onshore on temporary visas like Students. I see the usual pathway of an immigrant being like this:
Student Visa -> Post Study TR Visa -> Employer Sponsored Visa (482) -> Employer Sponsored or 95+ points independent PR
The entire process would easily take 6+ years for an average immigrant.
This is very similar to what is being followed in the US:
F-1 Student Visa -> OPT Work Permit -> H1B Visa -> Sponsorship for Green Card.
It usually takes 5+ years to even get in the queue for a green card. Getting the green card eventually is a different story altogether. This is a very stressfull and long period of uncertainities that skilled immigrants have to go through in the US. I have been through it personally and this was one of the reasons I chose Australia and left my high paying job in the US.

I must say if this is what Australian govt is looking forward to, then it might make many potential immigrants rethink their plans. If getting a PR in Aus is gonna become as hard as getting a green card in the US, 99% immigrants would choose the US.
Not everyone would chose Australia for a laidback lifestyle and great weather like I did. Most immigrants want money and the US definitely provides more money.
We were already facing a whole new world even before COVID as the times of quick invitations from Skillselect were long gone by March 2019. 189 SC had a major setback the moment Morrison government came into power (43,990 places in 2018-2019 & 16,652 places in 2019-2020). According to Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), almost 90% of PR holders live in major cities. Apparently, the Liberal government’s plan was to ease congestions in large cities like Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, build infrastructure to match the growing population and meanwhile evenly distribute population growth in regional Australia. This decision was also largely fuelled by regional businesses as they are currently facing huge labour shortages in certain skilled and semi-skilled professions

During the consultation process in pre-COVID times (January 2020) for migration program planning 2020-2021, Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI) strongly recommended the return of permanent migration to the planning cap of 190,000 places (as opposed to 160,000 places set in 2019-2020 plan). One key point to note is ACCI is the national peak body representing Australian businesses which will always favour increases in consumer demand for goods and services that can only be achieved through immigration and population growth. They emphasised the importance of increasing the proportion of employer sponsored visas under skill stream as it provides access to immediate needs for skilled workers. They also had a very interesting take on Skilled Regional 491 visas and urged government to rethink the established visa criteria as lack of certainty for pathways to PR will prove less attractive to many prospective migrants to settle down in regional areas (https://www.australianchamber.com.au...0-21-final.pdf)

Even today, students have a reliable pathway to Australian PR (189/190) provided they make informed decisions about their career choice and place of study in Australia. Regional study will give them 5 points for 189 SC and 4 years of post-study work visa. The department has also made a number of recent changes to student visas and 485 TR especially to those students who are stranded offshore as they are starting to realise the importance of making Australia a popular destination among international students for post-pandemic economic recovery

As we all know that the permanent migration program planning levels are a ceiling and not a target and only represent the number of permanent visas which may be granted in a program year. The department would have fallen well short of 160,000 places in 2019-2020. Scott Morrison on many occasions has accepted that 160,000 – 210,000 is an ideal cap for annual permanent migration and must be maintained within that range

I agree that Australia is not the first choice of country for most migrants and it also reflects on the migration program outcomes. Australian government has to compete with other developed economies such as US, Canada, UK, Singapore and Germany to attract skilled migrants. In addition, they have to consider their citizens opinions/emotions on permanent migration, business needs and long-term economic/strategic goals. According to DoHA, 53% of Australians had expressed disapproval over mass immigration (>=190,000) in 2019 which made an impact on the design of migration program for 2019-2020

Above all I think the unfortunate fact is that most of us are facing uncertainty with the new COVID reality. As evident from recent developments, I am sure even the department do not have an established process to follow during these times. It will be very interesting to see the budget announcements and how they respond to such a labyrinth challenge!
sk2019au likes this.

__________________
Civil Engineer

Total: 85P @17/02/20 (189)
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #6 (permalink)  
Old 9th August 2020, 01:40 PM
Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2020
Location: ACT
Posts: 119
Rep Power: 0
Aussie dreamz is on a distinguished road
82 likes received
8 likes given

Users Flag! Originally from india. Users Flag! Expat in australia.
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by kc_muzik View Post
Great post mate!

I was hoping the new occupation lists will get posted this month. But no signs of it yet.

I've seen YT links of Mara agents claiming DHA's confirmation on retaining the immigration cap (160k) for 2020-21.

My occupation code is 135112 ICT Project Manager. It's not a very popular one and not more than 40-50 PMs are invited every year (NSW alone). It is on the STSOL.

Currently I've got 90 points but my ACS will expire in Sep and I'm not sure if I should invest in Naati. It's considerable amt of money...what if they do remove this occupation?

If you have any insights on this, would love to hear!

Cheers
In view of high unemployment rate, the Australian government has announced Job Trainer/Maker program due to commence in September 2020 which will provide Australian citizens the opportunity to complete short VET courses related to a number of industries. From what I understand, the significant impact will be on certain trade occupations under STSOL. I assume that you are in NSW and according to previous eligibility requirements, your occupation had no additional criteria. I am not sure about ICT Project Manager but current labour market needs might also temporarily affect the eligibility criteria and other skilled professions in respective states/territories new occupation list. As I understand, this will only become clear during budget announcements. I think states/territories will announce new occupation list/eligibility requirements once they receive federal allocation with respect to annual nomination places

90/95/100 points has no relevance with the current trend of targeted invitation rounds in Skillselect which I strongly suspect will continue for some time. With that being said if I were in your shoes, I would try to improve my score for SC 189, patiently wait in the queue and also explore other options/pathways to PR

Good Luck!

__________________
Civil Engineer

Total: 85P @17/02/20 (189)
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #7 (permalink)  
Old 9th August 2020, 02:20 PM
Member
 
Join Date: May 2018
Location: Dubai
Posts: 216
Rep Power: 0
kc_muzik is on a distinguished road
23 likes received
38 likes given

Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Aussie dreamz View Post
In view of high unemployment rate, the Australian government has announced Job Trainer/Maker program due to commence in September 2020 which will provide Australian citizens the opportunity to complete short VET courses related to a number of industries. From what I understand, the significant impact will be on certain trade occupations under STSOL. I assume that you are in NSW and according to previous eligibility requirements, your occupation had no additional criteria. I am not sure about ICT Project Manager but current labour market needs might also temporarily affect the eligibility criteria and other skilled professions in respective states/territories new occupation list. As I understand, this will only become clear during budget announcements. I think states/territories will announce new occupation list/eligibility requirements once they receive federal allocation with respect to annual nomination places

90/95/100 points has no relevance with the current trend of targeted invitation rounds in Skillselect which I strongly suspect will continue for some time. With that being said if I were in your shoes, I would try to improve my score for SC 189, patiently wait in the queue and also explore other options/pathways to PR

Good Luck!

Thanks for the detailed response!

1) I'm offshore, not in NSW

2) ICT PM is not listed under 189.

I actually have a SA 489 visa as back up but the problem is with the current closures, I'm not sure when we'll be allowed to fly in. And if that takes long, then there's a risk of not having enough time to lodge for 887 pathway.

So meanwhile I thought I'd try my luck with NSW or VIC, only 2 states that were open under 190 last year. Now I'm super eager to know if they retain this code in the new list.

Matter of time...

Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #8 (permalink)  
Old 9th August 2020, 02:30 PM
Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2020
Location: ACT
Posts: 119
Rep Power: 0
Aussie dreamz is on a distinguished road
82 likes received
8 likes given

Users Flag! Originally from india. Users Flag! Expat in australia.
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by kc_muzik View Post
Thanks for the detailed response!

1) I'm offshore, not in NSW

2) ICT PM is not listed under 189.

I actually have a SA 489 visa as back up but the problem is with the current closures, I'm not sure when we'll be allowed to fly in. And if that takes long, then there's a risk of not having enough time to lodge for 887 pathway.

So meanwhile I thought I'd try my luck with NSW or VIC, only 2 states that were open under 190 last year. Now I'm super eager to know if they retain this code in the new list.

Matter of time...
Well as you have rightly mentioned, it is only a matter of time before they allow temporary visa holders and other migrants as Australia cannot keep their borders shut for a long time. Anyways, I am glad to hear that you are accompanied by a good ol' pal SC 489

As far as I can see things will definitely work out for you down the line with 887 pathway for PR provided you have a minimum of 2 years left on your 489 visa!

__________________
Civil Engineer

Total: 85P @17/02/20 (189)
Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #9 (permalink)  
Old 10th August 2020, 12:18 PM
Member
 
Join Date: May 2018
Location: Dubai
Posts: 216
Rep Power: 0
kc_muzik is on a distinguished road
23 likes received
38 likes given

Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by Aussie dreamz View Post
Well as you have rightly mentioned, it is only a matter of time before they allow temporary visa holders and other migrants as Australia cannot keep their borders shut for a long time. Anyways, I am glad to hear that you are accompanied by a good ol' pal SC 489

As far as I can see things will definitely work out for you down the line with 887 pathway for PR provided you have a minimum of 2 years left on your 489 visa!

Thanks for the positive outlook!

I've already lost 1 year on the 489, so have to enter the country by Jun/July 2021!

Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
  #10 (permalink)  
Old 29th August 2020, 01:06 PM
New Member
 
Join Date: Dec 2015
Location: Pune
Posts: 21
Rep Power: 0
diliprathore85 is on a distinguished road
4 likes received

Users Flag! Originally from india. Users Flag! Expat in australia.
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by ankur31 View Post
@Aussie_dreamz Thanks for sharing this data.

I do see an approach of reducing permanent visas like 189 significantly. I won't be surprised if they drastically decrease the slots and it would be available to only very high pointers, usually 95+.

It could be a possibility that Australia is looking towards a more longer approach to providing PR than what used to be a simple and short skill select program. Instead of providing direct PRs to offshore candidates, a pathway would be in place for people who initially come onshore on temporary visas like Students. I see the usual pathway of an immigrant being like this:
Student Visa -> Post Study TR Visa -> Employer Sponsored Visa (482) -> Employer Sponsored or 95+ points independent PR
The entire process would easily take 6+ years for an average immigrant.
This is very similar to what is being followed in the US:
F-1 Student Visa -> OPT Work Permit -> H1B Visa -> Sponsorship for Green Card.
It usually takes 5+ years to even get in the queue for a green card. Getting the green card eventually is a different story altogether. This is a very stressfull and long period of uncertainities that skilled immigrants have to go through in the US. I have been through it personally and this was one of the reasons I chose Australia and left my high paying job in the US.

I must say if this is what Australian govt is looking forward to, then it might make many potential immigrants rethink their plans. If getting a PR in Aus is gonna become as hard as getting a green card in the US, 99% immigrants would choose the US.
Not everyone would chose Australia for a laidback lifestyle and great weather like I did. Most immigrants want money and the US definitely provides more money.
Agreed. For students it does not make any sense to go anywhere but USA. The job market, salaries, potential, quality of life in USA is much higher as compared to any country in the world. I have lived in USA, UK and Australia(Melbourne). I heard that Melbourne is most livable city in the world. I cannot see how it is? Infrastructure is not upto standards of even Europe (leave USA), there is absolutely nothing to do in Melbourne, most boring city that I have lived in past few years.

Reply With Quote Quick reply to this message
Reply


Quick Reply
Message:
Options

Register Now

In order to be able to post messages on the Expat Forum For People Moving Overseas And Living Abroad forums, you must first register.
Please enter your desired user name, your email address and other required details in the form below.
User Name:
Password
Please enter a password for your user account. Note that passwords are case-sensitive.
Password:
Confirm Password:
Email Address
Please enter a valid email address for yourself.
Email Address:
Location
Where you live
Expat From Country
Please select the country you originate from. This will appear as a flag when you make posts on the site.
Expat To Country
Please select the country you have either moved to or want to relocate to. This will be presented on the site when you make posts.

Log-in


Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may post new threads
You may post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off


FORUM PARTNERS

ExpatForum.com is owned and operated by VerticalScope Inc.

Retiring Overseas Guides | Moving Overseas Guides | Cost of Living | Health Care Guides


All times are GMT. The time now is 09:56 PM.


Powered by vBulletin®
Copyright ©2000 - 2020, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Search Engine Friendly URLs by vBSEO
vBulletin Security provided by vBSecurity v2.2.2 (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2020 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.