Thanks rsetzer. This we have already checked on and Francesco will need about $500 worth of pet “passport” papers from vets here to enter the EU. What our real concern is, however, heartworm which can be carried by fleas if it is prevalent in an area. Our pup has most vaccinations, but he cannot not have heartworm prevention. Which is really only perilous for him. So the true question I should have asked is: are there heartworm problems in any areas in Italy? Thanks.