Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the economic crisis, according to a new global report. However, the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, says the report from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Its 2013 International Migration Outlook report says that migration into OECD countries rose by 2% in 2011 from the previous year, to reach almost four million. Recent national data suggest a similar increase in 2012. Migration within the European Union rose by 15%, following a decline of almost 40% during the economic crisis. The trend of people leaving countries hardest hit by the crisis is accelerating, up by 45% from 2009 to 2011.
The number of Greeks and Spaniards moving to other European Union countries has doubled since 2007, reaching 39,000 and 72,000 respectively. Germany saw a 73% increase of Greek immigrants between 2011 and 2012, close to 50% for Spanish and Portuguese nationals and 35% for Italians. Migration to the United States remained steady in 2011, rising by 2%. Italy saw a fall in the number of immigrants of 11% and immigration levels there are now 44% lower than in 2007.
Quote from ExpatForum.com : “I am Mohan from India and working in IT (Windows Server Support Engineer/ Windows Server Administrator)for 6+ years. Currently I am living in Bangalore and just wanna give try to search a suitable job in abroad. So I have few question in my mind about the process and etc.”
The job market situation has worsened sharply for immigrants, with unemployment rising by almost 5% between 2008 and 2012, compared with a 3% jump among the native born. Immigrant youth and the low skilled have been worst hit. The impact was strongest on migrants from Latin America and North Africa. ‘Governments must do everything they can to improve immigrants’ job prospects. Tackling high and long term unemployment now is essential. Continuing to help immigrants integrate will also ensure they can play their part in driving growth as the global economy recovers,’ said OECD secretary general Angel Gurría, presenting the report in Brussels.
The report also shows that long term unemployment has risen sharply among migrants. The share of unemployed immigrants in OECD countries who have been out of work for more than a year increased from 31% in 2008 to 44% in 2012. It says that cash strapped governments should avoid cutting systematically on integration programmes, but concentrate on measures that provide the largest pay off, such as language and professional training, and focus on the most vulnerable groups, such as migrant youth.
An analysis of the fiscal impact of immigration is also included in the report. It says that raising the employment levels of migrants to that of the native born would generate significant economic returns, especially in countries such as Belgium, France and Sweden with large, established immigrant populations. It also finds that the current impact of the cumulative waves of migration of the past 50 years is close to zero on average in the OECD. Work is the main determinant of migrants’ fiscal contribution, it says.
Fighting discrimination is essential to achieve this, says the OECD. The report assesses the level of discrimination across countries and finds its extent much higher than previously thought. Generally, a person with an immigrant sounding name, for example, has to send at least twice as many applications to get a job interview than one with a non-immigrant name.